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3I - Bullying Prevention and Response - Quiz



Note: If you have a printer, you are welcome to print out this quiz.

The beginning of the course talks about 3 'CHALLENGES' or determinations which an adult must make before he or she can know if a particular behavior is in fact 'BULLYING behavior'. Which is NOT one of the three determinations which must be made?
Is it aggressive?
Is it socially atypical within the local culture?
Is it repetitive - or does it have a significant potential to become repetitive?
Is there an imbalance of power?
Just to be clear: Which factor is NOT included in the list of criteria which are required, in order to label a behavior as 'bullying' behavior? -
An Imbalance of Power: Such as physical strength, access to embarrassing information, or popularity, used to control or harm others.
Repetition: Bullying behaviors happen more than once or have the potential to happen more than once.
Includes Aggressive Actions: Such as making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically or verbally, and excluding someone from a group on purpose
There is usually a 'grain of truth' or a 'provocation' which precedes rumors or attacks made against the target.
It is easy to determine if an action of one or more children against another child is truly 'bullying' vs. just 'joking around' or rough play.
True False
Which item below helps us to determine if a behavior is actually AGGRESSIVE (one of the criteria for 'bullying'), vs. 'just joking around' or rough play?
Are the involved youth long‐standing friends?
Do they have a history of issues between them?
What are their expressions and body language?
Does it look like both are having fun, or is one showing obvious or subtle signs of distress?
All of the above
Some bullying behaviors may also meet the legal definition of harassment or assault. However, not all incidents of harassment or assault are bullying, and not all bullying involves harassment or assault.
True False
Bullying is typically repeated over time, and thus adults should wait to see if a pattern emerges before defining it as bullying.
True False
A 'power imbalance' is almost always characterized by physical differences, such as age, size, and strength.
True False
Looking at factors which contribute to bullying, the following list is a set of personal characteristics which the aggressor (the bully) may possess, which contribute to his or her behavior:

1. popularity
2. background/demographic characteristics - racial, ethnic, socio-economic status
3. being in the majority regarding sexual orientation
4. having social, academic, physical or other skills or abilities
5. having access to money, resources, or information—such as being able to reach an entire student body with a single e‐mail button
6. outnumbering another person
7. having a weapon

What is the terminology that the authors use, when referring to this set of characteristics? _________________
a setup for trouble
an imbalance of power
a social inequity
Federal Law provides that DISCRIMINATORY HARASSMENT may include harassment or bullying that is grounded in race, color, national origin, sex, or disabilities.
True False
Bullying and Illegal Behaviors: The federal law sends a message to school personnel, that they .....
must carefully consider whether bullying behavior is discriminatory harassment that violates students’ federal civil rights
must file a report with the US Department of Education within 72 hours, to notify them when bullying occurs on school property.
have very clear obligations to immediately investigate situations in which bullying behavior may be discriminatory harassment, and to take prompt steps to end the harassment if it occurred.
all of the above
only the 1st and 3rd answers above
Moving on to page 12, The Many Forms of Bullying:
Which is NOT listed as one of the specific types of bullying?
Damage of Property
Bullying behaviors designed to harm the reputation and relationships of a targeted child (such as rumor­ spreading, posting embarrassing images online, and social isolation of peers) are referred to as
personal sabotage
character assassination
relational bullying
'Verbal Bullying' includes oral or written communication, such as name-calling, graffiti, and verbal threats.
True False
'Direct Bullying' is aggressive behavior(s) that are directly communicated to a targeted child (e.g., pushing, verbal taunting, mean text messages).
True False
'Indirect Bullying' is defined as aggressive behavior(s) that are not directly communicated to the targeted child (e.g., spreading false rumors).
True False
There are differences between cyber or electronic bullying vs. traditional bullying. One difference is that children and adolescents typically experience TRADITIONAL forms of bullying during the school day or in after‐school or community activities, whereas they may experience CYBERBULLYING 24/7.
True False
With regard to cyberbullying, the reference to 'disinhibition' means that
a bully may find it easier to say or do mean things online or through electronic devices that they would not do face‐to‐face.
social prohibitions are disregarded by those who bully others.
Moving on to the Ten Key Findings About Bullying -- Finding 1:
According to the 2011 Study published by the National Center for Educational Statistics, what were the most common forms of bullying experienced by 12-18 year olds?
threatened with harm and excluded from activities on purpose
made fun of, called names, insulted, made the subject of rumors
When a child or adolescent bullies others AND is also bullied themselves, they are often referred to as bully‐victims.
True False
Rather than being a problem between two children or adolescents, bullying is more accurately understood as a group phenomenon in which youth play a variety of roles: Some initiate the bullying, others are quick to join in, others passively support, others observe but do nothing, and some try to help.
True False
Finding 2, Gender Differences: Who is more likely to bully their peers?
boys are more likely than girls to bully their peers
girls are more likely than boys to bully their peers
there is no difference between boys and girls
Finding 3 - How Bullying Varies by Age: in general .....
Youth are most likely to be bullied in middle school
Youth are most likely to be bullied in high school
Youth are most likely to be bullied in elementary school
As to the TYPE of bullying that occurs, and when - youth report that cyberbullying increases in high school.
True False
Finding 4 - Risk Factors for Involvement in Bullying: Select one, below.
Children and youth are more likely to be bullied if they are depressed, if they have a disability, or if they are gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender or if they are questioning their sexual identity.
Children who are bullied (and particularly bully‐victims) are more likely than their peers to lack social skills.
Children and youth who are involved in substance use—alcohol, drugs, cigarettes—are more likely to be involved in bullying.
Youth who feel supported by their peers are less likely to experience negative psychological effects from bullying that they experience.
All of the above.
Finding 5 - Who's at greatest risk of being bullied:
In a survey of 7,261 students ages 13‐21 throughout the U.S. who identified themselves as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender or who were questioning their sexual identity, very high percentages reported being sexually harassed and bullied in the last year:
True False
Finding 6 - Bullying can affect the well-being of those who are targeted:
Those who ______________ appear to be at the highest risk for suicide attempts, self harm, and a high level of suicidal thoughts.
have a learning disability
are bully‐victims (those who are bullied and also bully others)
are passive and overweight
Finding 7 - Bullying and Anti-Social Behavior:
Those who bully others are not more likely than their peers to be involved in anti-social behavior such as stealing, vandalism, drinking alcohol and smoking cigarettes.
True False
Finding 8 - Likelihood of Reporting Being Bullied:
With age, it was less and less likely that bullied children and youth would tell a teacher or other school personnel, a parent, or a sibling or friend that they had been bullied.
True False
Finding 9 - Attitudes toward bullying:
Researchers found that even though the vast majority of elementary school children felt sorry for bullied students, _________________ said they would try to help if they saw or knew that a student was being bullied.
only 75%
fewer than half
Finding 10 - Laws and Schools: Bullying, cyberbullying, and related behaviors may be addressed in a single state law or may be addressed in multiple state laws. In some cases, bullying appears in the criminal code of a state that may apply to juveniles.
True False
Moving on to the last section - 'Best Practices in Bullying Prevention and Response' - #1 Focus on the Social Climate: It is necessary to focus upon the SOCIAL CLIMATE of the entire community - with the message that 'bullying isn't cool' - in order to bring about changes in bullying practices.
True False
#2 - Conduct Bullying Assessments within the Community: It is helpful to conduct surveys in various places in the community, to assess where bullying is happening, how often, and what type is occurring. However, data collection must comply with federal FERPA rules. FERPA means:
Federal Environmental Rights and Privacy Act
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act
Federal Established Rules for Privacy Act
#3 Seek Out Support for Bullying Prevention Programs: In order for a Bullying Prevention Program to be successful in a school, at least one person must be designated as responsible for implementation within the school.
True False
#4 Prevention efforts in schools and communities must be coordinated and integrated. An example of this: Anti-bullying teams should include not only teachers and counselors and bus drivers, but also a student/youth advisory group to encourage respect for the program and communication about bullying prevention among students.
True False
#5 Provide training in bullying prevention and intervention: Every adult who interacts with youth needs to develop skills in how to stop bullying on‐the‐spot and what to do if bullying is suspected.
True False
#6 Setting Policies and Rules: This portion of the document includes the following statement:
Various educational tools can be used (staff meetings, one‐day training sessions, webcasts) to educate staff about bullying trends and best practices in bullying prevention.
Developing simple, clear rules about bullying that are posted throughout schools, agencies, and public places will remind youth not to bully and can help students who are bullied or who are at risk of being bullied.
Moving on to Misdirections in Bullying Prevention and Response: Which of the following are said to be helpful in bullying prevention and response:
Zero Tolerance
Conflict Resolution & Peer Mediation
Group Therapeutic Treatment
Overstating or Simplifying the Relationship Between Bullying and Suicide
none of the above
Moving on to the last section, 'Case Studies - Approaches to Consider': What innovative activities did the youth/adult nonprofit organization named 'PROJECT CHANGE, You Have The Power!' engage in, to raise awareness and prevent bullying?
Teen mentoring of younger children after school to raise awareness
Determine goals and an action plan (including video , a school assembly, and a bullying prevention-themed school spirit week
Led by students with help from adults: Working with an adult advisor, youth take ownership of ending bullying in their schools and community
All of the above
The 1st and 3rd answers
What specific things did 'FBI Community Outreach' DO in Buffalo, New York to assist the community in preventing bullying - which then led to a national movement?
Partnered with a local cinema to hold awareness activities on the opening weekend of a popular youth-focused movie.
Invited local business to play a role by donating space and snacks - distributing DVDs, flyers, and Activity Guides.
Shared success stories with colleagues in a national FBI network of Community Outreach Specialists who have now held similar events across the country.
All of the above
None of the above
Last but not least, we are given some brief information about what's in the 'Action Planning Matrix' (which is included in the FREE COMMUNITY ACTION TOOLKIT - you can download the 'Toolkit' later if you choose):

We are told that in the 'Action Planning Matrix', the action steps are divided into two (2) categories. What are they?
Awareness Raising: Steps to raise awareness about the impact of bullying and best practices.
Prevention and Response: Steps to take action through prevention and response methods.
The Legal Alert: Local law firms contact and educate the families of bullying victims, regarding their child's Federal Civil Rights which have been violated.
The 2nd and 3rd answers above
The 1st and 2nd answers above


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