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Quiz 2 - Course 8T



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In the Defining Trafficking section, facts about Human Trafficking:
Trafficking is any compelled activity, whether commercial sex or forced labor.
Force, fraud, and coercion are the methods used by a trafficker to compel a person to engage in such acts which are not voluntary.
Human trafficking is not only a federal crime but also a public health issue that needs a community response.
all of the above
The legal definition of human trafficking describes three facets of the crime: an action, a means, and a purpose. Which of the choices below represent the 'ACTION' that is referred to in the legal definition?
Force, Fraud, and Coercion
Recruiting, Harboring, Transporting, Providing, Obtaining, Soliciting
Coercion includes threats of serious harm to or physical restraint against any person, psychological manipulation, document confiscation, and shame and fear-inducing threats to share information or pictures with others or report to authorities.
True False
Which of the situations below do NOT require proof of force, fraud, or coercion in the determination of sex trafficking?
Any youth under the age of 18 involved in commercial sex activities where money or anything of value is given to or received by any person.,
Runaway and homeless youth under the age of 18 who trade sex (also known as survival sex) with an adult for something of value or to meet their basic needs.
both of the above.
If forced to live on the streets and facing diminished employment prospects and few options to earn money, many youth are compelled to trade sex to meet their basic needs.
True False
In the section which describes common myths and gives correct information about trafficked youth, which of the statements below is NOT correct?
Trafficking victims are male and female — gay, straight, bisexual, transgender, and questioning.
Runaway and homeless youth can also be victims of labor trafficking, and a high percentage of cases involves forced drug dealing.
Human trafficking requires the trafficker to use physical force, such as beatings, chains, or handcuffs, to control the young person.
Youth may feel powerless, afraid, threatened, and, in some cases, may feel they will not be believed if they self-disclose their trafficked situation..
Young people under the age of 18 who trade sex for food, clothing, or shelter are not trafficking victims.
True False
New research suggests that although human trafficking spans all demographics, youth (especially runaway and homeless youth ages 16–21) are particularly susceptible to traffickers or trafficking situations.
True False
Young people can be trafficked by parents, family members, relatives, family friends, boyfriends, intimate partners, employers, labor brokers, smugglers, and friends.
True False
In Protective and Risk Factors, traffickers tend to avoid recruiting adolescents with a runaway history because they are likely to run away from the trafficking situation and thereby waste the investment that the trafficker has put into their training.
True False
Evidence suggests that LGBTQ youth can be up to ________ times more likely than heterosexual youths to become victims of trafficking due to the increased susceptibility that accompanies feelings of rejection and alienation.
Developmental delay appears to be a protective factor which reduces the risk for being trafficked.
True False
Select the best answer:
Preliminary data indicate that being in school, as opposed to earning a GED, may be a protective factor.
Some trafficked youth continue living at home and attending school.
both of the above are true.
The two potential protective factors identified in the study are:
returning to the home from which they ran away.
the presence of a caring adult.
graduation from high school.
the first and third above
the second and third above
The Field Center for Children’s Policy, Practice and Research – University of Pennsylvania (2018) – found that
interventions need to acknowledge that being trafficked does not define who youth are, but rather it is something that happened to them.
all services must be trauma-informed.
both of these.
neither of these.
SAFETY plans for providers and organizations need to be developed because traffickers can pose significant threats to the safety not only of the victims, but also the staff who work with them.
True False
On the topic of SCREENING, which is NOT true?
All processes, interactions, and screening questions with youth should be trauma-informed.
Youth-serving organizations need to include questions at initial contact or intake that may determine if a youth is at high risk or is already a victim of trafficking.
The goal should be a full disclosure so that appropriate treatment and intervention referrals can be made.
Youth service providers who are not trained in counseling or social work should refrain from detailed conversations about exploitation experiences.
Certain screenings may be conducted by any staff member, if the questions are designed for a yes or no answer.
Regarding Complex Trauma, which answer below is not correct?
It is likely that most homeless youth have Complex Trauma, due to multiple traumatic experiences involving abuse, poverty, substance abuse, family violence, and other adverse experiences.
Trafficked youth have Complex Trauma from force, fraud, and coercion, as well as from loss of control, victimization, sleep deprivation, hunger, fear of retribution, threats toward family and loved ones, acute and chronic illness, and injuries from violence.
Staff working with traumatized youth should be knowledgeable and skilled in avoiding re-traumatization.
Complex Trauma and PTSD from one horrific event are essentially the same and require the same clinical approach.
It is critical for youth-serving organizations to train staff to understand and recognize Complex Trauma.
Concerning Stockholm Syndrome (Trauma Bonding):
Bonding with the perpetrator is common in human trafficking situations, particularly sex trafficking.
Traumatic bonds can be formed when children and youth seek attachment with their tormentor, when there is no access to ordinary sources of comfort.
Traumatic bonding is the result of cognitive distortions, such as the equating of terror and love.
Traumatic bonds require a power imbalance resulting in feelings of helplessness, plus intermittent abuse that alternates with positive or neutral interactions.
All of the above are true.
Integration of Cultural Sensitivity in working with traumatized Native-American youth provides opportunities to
participate in traditional healing ceremonies.
participate in rites of passage programs to address cultural, career, academic, and social needs.


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